HARARE – Army Zimbabwean government has accused Serbian citizen Srdja Popovic of training civil society activists in Zimbabwe
Popovic's CANVAS organization has been late in mobilizing Zimbabwe's small groups to steer Zimbabwean troops to revolutionize the Emmerson Mnangagwa government.
The authorities has been arrested by some activists in states claiming activists, have been educated in mass demonstrations, in the use of small arms and countermeasures in the Maldives
Minister of the Interior Cain Ndabazekhaya Ginyilitshe Mathema was mentioned in the media: "Anyone who is therefore irritating the government of this country illegally dealt with in accordance with the dictates of
"Those that are literally here to lose yourself and who are educated outdoors the country, will face the full wrath of the regulation. I would not have any cause to take action. I’m ready to spend in drive in Zimbabwe the regulation."
Srdja Popovic was one of Serbia Otpor! Campaign for the failure of Serbian President Slobodan Milosovic found success in October 2000, when hundreds of thousands of protesters approached the Serbian Parliament After the revolution, Popovic was a member of the Serbian National Assembly in 2000-2003
In 2003 Popovic and other former Otpor! Activists launched the Center for Non-Violent Non-Violent Activities and Strategies for Non-Profit Institutions (CANVAS). CANVAS has worked with 37 countries, including Zimbabwe, Burma, Iran and Venezuela, to disseminate information on non-violent strategies and tactics used by Serbian democracy-driven movement in other democratic countries.
CANVAS has worked with activists who are responsible for successful movements, such as the Georgian "Rose Revolution" in 2003 and the Orange Revolution in Ukraine 2004-2005. It also transferred information to Lebanese activists in 2004 to resolve the crisis following the murder of Prime Minister Harrir, and assisted the participants in the Maldives Revolution in 2008.
In the early spring of 1992, Srdja Popovic was a first year student at the University of Belgrade who didn't read much biology and played bass in the band. Like his friend, soldiers, security police, wars, horror, repression, the whole cruel and bloody mess that Serbia had under his mad dictator Sloboda Milosevic, overturned.
But like most 18- he didn't feel he had a lot of what he could really do. "I used to be," he says – hostile and already at the age of 40, who is still unclear – "principally three things: consuming rather a lot, staying late and away with women. The only factor that might take me away from my back was a rock live performance. "
And one night in March 1992, a massive Serbian supergroup named Rimtutituki (the name is Turim ti kitu, which means roughly" I put my egg there ") played Belgrade, except that the authorities had denied them permission, so they introduced a flat truck.
"In order that they have been, our idols, we have been driving around the Republic Sq. by automotive, singing," Popovic says. “They looked more like generals than rockers. And what they were singing was, "There is no brain under this helmet," and "If I shoot, I don't have time to fuck." Just really ridiculous, funny and calm. And I got it. We all got it. "
What Popovic got, even though it took some time to work through the effects that" resistance is possible and that it doesn't have to be boring sit-ins – in fact it could be pretty cool, and the more fun it is, The more effective it is likely to be, that even in hopeless situations you can get people to take care of it. Otpor! (Translation: Resistance!) Inspired the mass, violent movement, they finally saw Milosevic's suppression and horror, which ultimately did not even reach the final round of elections he called in September 2000.
Since then Popovic and his friends have been somewhat Center for Applied Non-Violent Activities and Strategies or Canvas, Independent, Five-Man, Belgrade-based he was founded by a handful of other Otpori! Members in 2003 have now advised and trained democracy activists in over 50 countries, including India, Iran, Zimbabwe, Burma, Ukraine, Georgia, Palestine, Belarus, Tunisia and Egypt.
Organizational Materials, Handbook Including Violent Battle: 50 Key Points [PDF] has been translated into half a dozen languages and counted and downloaded tens of thousands of times – 17,000 in Iran alone. Popovic and his friends are now teaching classes in non-violent political and social change in some of the world's most prestigious universities such as Harvard, New York, Columbia and UCL.
The crowded, too cool treatment-student-bass guitarist (his term of office), whose favorite place in London is Camden Market, has become a respected teacher, writer and thinker in the new but rapidly growing academic field of non-violent struggle, whose influence is known all over the world.
He has now published a well-read book, a roughly formulated plan for revolution: how to use rice sauce, Lego men and other non-violent techniques to close communities, translate dictators or simply change the world by combining an entertaining primer with theory and pursuing a peaceful demonstration in a very personal way from his own involvement in it.
The journey he admits has not always been straightforward. Another father of the fearless 70's boy's TV reporter and enchanting mother of the TV show, he says that my child had nothing to suggest that I was any kind of rebel. I wanted to make animal documents. David Attenborough … Thirty years after the first time I've seen him, yet I hear his voice. "
But when you grew up in a liberal, free-thinking, even pretty damn cool Tito era," in a particular value system, and they are just stamped … Not just ugly boys who go everywhere in the actual uniforms, but the worst nationalist folk culture everywhere on TV " , crazy hate speech… Croats were our brothers, you know? And suddenly we were told to kill them; It's like you've told that your patriotic duty is to shoot the scots. Well, you're changing. ”
There have been determined moments. Popovic says that it isn’t a lot ("When you are arrested, beaten, you know what's going on, you know there are people and lawyer outside the prison, the media – that you're not alone – you win the fear"), but to the younger Otpor
"These midnight calls from parents when the police pick up their children," says Popovic. "They were tough. Responsibility can get you." his mother worked, and where Popovic had spent a number of hours of his childhood – was focused.
"He was not there; As your country is being bombed, sixteen of your mothers will die, she will come close to losing her life … It was bad. ”[19659002"Butitalsohadalesson"Milosevichadthehighestapprovalin1999"Popovicsays“JustasGeorgeWBushwasneveraspopularasSeptember122001Whenacountryisattackedfromoutsideeveryoneisgatheringaroundtheirleadership-evenareallybadleadershipForeignmilitaryinterventionswillnotchange”
Popovic additionally doesn’t declare to be sanctioned. “The target groups were large in Milosevic's insider. The oil embargo only made the mafia richer, and the trade embargo dropped us into hyperinflation; my parents sold smuggled gasoline on the streets to survive. "
Setting this kind of thing on an outside society, Popovic is now convinced," Allows the government to do whatever it takes to do anything. It's one. Secondly, it makes every person you trust for sustainable change really fight for their lives. They will all be too busy to survive. "
Srdja Popovic:" You have to offer people the opportunity to do something meaningful and – above all – get out of the photo: David Levene
From such experiences Otpor! that internal opposition, not external intervention, is the best promoter of political change. core principles – unity, design and violent discipline – that the business evolved and that Canvas now teaches did not come overnight. ”In 1992 we have been in the occupation part,” says Popovic. , highly educated, super cool and tremendous-insulated Milosevic despatched his tank to Croatia. We needed to exit and pay attention. Get real individuals, rural individuals, not so intelligent individuals, behind us. Construct business. We did, nevertheless it took us five years. "
Fear and apathy are" established order forces "in oppressive and corrupt societies, Popovic believes, and you need mobilization, enthusiasm and humor to fight them. Otpor !: The splendidly stylized raised and squeezed fist designed by Popovic's greatest good friend Nenad Duda Petrovic, might be stensated on the partitions, stamped on any previous paper, brochures and banknotes, and imitated on the road. No banners, no songs – just bump your fist together with your good friend (and lady).
Similarly, group campaigns never ask an excessive amount of. “All successful stores have a very low income bar,” Popovic says. “You have to offer people the opportunity to do something meaningful and – above all – get out of it. In Chile, against Pinochet, they drove at half-speed: no illegal, very small risks, pretty fun, no police could do. It's about doing something cool and living to tell everyone. ”
Enjoyable campaigns at least double; Popovic calls this "laughterism". One of Otpor's most famous tricks was painting Milosevic's face on a barrel, propping up a propeller, and leaving both on a busy street. No passerby would be arrested for having a bash, but the authorities are facing a dilemma: making fools of themselves by stopping an empty barrel or acting unclearly and jeopardizing hundreds of them to open everywhere.
The Canvas approach has some academic foundation. In the 2011 survey, where two US researchers Erica Chenoweth and Maria J Stephan had 323 civil liability campaigns around the world between 1900 and 2006, it was found that non-violent campaigns were successful in 53% of cases and violent only 26%. In addition, only 4% of violent changes in governance ended up in functioning democracy, compared with 42% of the changes in the non-violent system.
But some democracy-promoting movements have failed impressively. For example, Egypt's originally successful revolution – where Canvas played a significant role in the nearby youth advocacy campaign – has given two consecutive authoritarian regimes; Syria has fallen into a bloody civil war on a rather horrifying scale. Why?
Why a successful revolution did not go to a successful democracy, Popovic admits: "In the case of Egypt, I feel they’ll in all probability name too quickly". They shook the tree, got rid of Mubarak, got a party and went home. Because there were no adult institutions in the country, it had been one man for so long…
”And they couldn't maintain unity later. If it is said that they could have formed a civil society movement for a transitional government, a military, a Muslim brotherhood … As it was, the stronger and more organized groups were simply accepted and they have fought since then. "
And Syria … The Syrian opposition, Popovic says," said that if they only took up arms, the cavalry came to ride over the hill just as it did in Libya. Except it. And they chose the wrong battle. The Battle of Assad is like boxing with Mike Tyson, and you don't want to challenge Mike Tyson with a boxing ring. Want to challenge him in chess. "
Right here again he says that another course may need produced totally different outcomes – although with murderous dictators nothing is ever certain:" If the opposition had achieved some kind of unity between Arabs, the Kurds and Christians; they managed to hit Assad if it happened, in their wallet for massive collaboration, international consumer boycotts … I mean, who knows? It was made by Apartheid South Africa. Instead, they robbed the arsenals and began to fight for a war they can't win. ”
So the learning curve is not always smooth, Popovic concludes. However, he is optimistic that Canvas-type techniques can be successfully transferred to the move to bring about wider societal changes: Syrizas, Podemoses, even with a few reservations – selected Occupy movements in recent years.
Belgrade student throws brochures on the roof as part of a 2000 protest against Slobodan Milosevic as part of the 2000 protest against Slobodan Milosevic. Photo: Reuters
But occupying frustrates him. "They’re far too predictable," he says. “And confrontation. Instead of unpredictable; using an open political space for you. In Hong Kong, they only used the same space every day, and mainland China knew what it was supposed to do was wait.
”You'll see what you need in a marketing campaign, what we name low-danger and comprehensive spreading know-how. Occupying is a risky, scattered concentration technique: getting everyone in one place, preventing with the police and pissing out individuals – like retailers – you need to win. ”
When in 2002 a small, courageous group of Zimbabwean opposition activists got here first to search for Otporia! and ask for recommendation, Popovic and his colleagues revolutionary doubts that they could be one thing. When the Georgians, Ukrainians, Belarusians adopted it, they knew it.
Now that the "solving this weapon" approach is even worse ("we now know that weapons clear up anything, we have now seen this in Libya, Iraq, Syria, in many locations"), the non-violent revolution must play an even greater role, he says: " The challenge is now threefold: the activists need to study the guidelines of non-violent resistance, and we have now to make the instruments obtainable. . ”
Above all, bizarre individuals in all places who’re oppressed – a lifelong Tolkien fan, he typically refers to" hobbies "- one ought to understand that together, self-discipline, humor, careful planning and some neat techniques, they will move in the mountains.” In 1992, every part you actually did we needed was a traditional country with cool music, ”he says. "And see where it got us."
Plus The Guardian (UK)
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